Tuesday, January 11, 2005

Fred Ho's “Notes on the National Question”

from Fred Ho's “Notes on the National Question”

National oppression defined is simply the oppression of nations and nationalities. It is the systematic, historical oppression of an entire people, of all the classes of the oppressed nation or nationality. Historically, national oppression includes all of the forms of oppression including discrimination, racism, ethnocentrism, stereotyping, disenfranchisement, genocide, violence, injustice, and inequality. It is fundamentally a by-product of the division of the world between oppressed and oppressor nations, accentuated and globalized by the advent and growth of the imperialist stage of capitalist development. This division is marked by intense inequality between the affluent imperialist and developed capitalist “centers” and the impoverished “periphery”of the “Third”and“Fourth”worlds (a more recently coined term that refers to the indigenous peoples who are oppressed nationalities and nations within third world countries, and in the case of Australia and the U.S., oppressed nationality indigenous peoples within first world nation-states). Imperialism, from a Marxist viewpoint, is not simply a nation carrying out a policy of nastiness and aggression towards other nations, but a system of monopoly capitalism in which large corporations (finance capital) extend across the planet and dominate and control vast areas far beyond their home borders...

While a few colonies still remain in the world, and the U.S. still has colonial territorial possessions including Puerto Rico, American Somoa, Guam, the Marshall Islands, the U. S. Virgin Islands, its largest control extends over “oppressed nations”that have been annexed and geographically incorporated into the American empire nation-state, including Hawaii, the southwest territory Chicano liberationists refer to as “Atzlan”and what I and others argue as the oppressed New African (Black-belt) nation, and the on-going prison house of Native First Nations. At one point, some American radical sociologists (confused by the methodology of bourgeois sociology and not radical enough to study the national question) described the oppressed black nation as an “internal colony”as it seemed to share features of other external colonies such as an external police force, external businesses profiteering from ghetto cheap labor and consumers, etc.

this is related to this.


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